The study of the interaction between humans and technology and how it affects culture is known as Cyborg Anthropology.

Within the last few years, around the globe, life has changed dramatically due to mobile technology, which allows one to stand almost anywhere, whisper something, or move a few fingers and be heard on the other side of the world.

The number of people that have become connected within the last decade is astounding, and the way of life for millions of smart phone users will never be the same. 

A cyborg anthropologist steps back from the modern world and looks at the everyday life of people around us and how they are influenced by technology in everyday life.  According to Cyber Anthropologist Amber Case, anyone that uses technology in their everyday lives is what she considers 'a superhuman'.  Essentially, we carry a 'bundle of sensors that we walk around with every day' that allows us to do things we have only dreamed of until recently.  To Ms. Case, 'A cyborg is not Terminator or Robo-cop, but the experience of everyday life that's been altered by technology. A cyborg is simply someone who interacts with technology. The technology can be a physical or a mental extension, and doesn't need to be implanted in the person.'  These possibilities are not a new form of biology, but a new way of connecting or communicating in this view. All of this points to a future where Bionic and Cyborg technology is integrated easily.

In 1998, Kevin Warwick became what people call "the world's first cyborg." Actually Warwick, who is a professor of cybernetics at Reading University, had a radio frequency ID chip implanted in his arm. Years before RFID chips became commonplace this small, nearly undetectable, implant allowed him to turn on lights by snapping his fingers, or open doors without touching them by emitting radio waves specific to receivers embedded in his devices.  Given people's natural tendency to lose things it's only natural that these smart devices we carry around will become embedded in the future.

Mr. Warwick was involved in an experiment that was the "first time the nervous systems of two humans had communicated electronically."

Once, after connecting his nerves to an array of electrodes in 2002, he let his wife use her brain waves to take control of his body.

"It was quite an intimate feeling," he says.  The electronic link up of two brains is just the beginning of this type of thinking.  In fact, Mr. Warwick thinks that without this type of innovation, humans may fall behind there own creations in ability to think and innovate.

"Someday we'll switch on that machine, and we won't be able to switch it off," he says.  This is a contrasting view from some of the other Futurists including Ray Kurzweil, whom suggest that a Singularity point of awareness conveyed upon machines, would be a good thing.

While Mr. Warwick says he doesn't want to turn into a robot-He wants to be a better human, there are many more people that desire the connection between man and machine to integrate fully in order to harness the ability for increased health and ultimately, life span.

The culmination of many disciplines integrates into systems analysis which will eventually produce artificial humans, and with that, the augmentation of life genetically for those whom can afford.  The problem is that these genes will have been patented, and owned for many business cycles by then.  That makes it harder to extract because of the impact on economies, and as the developed world increases its investment in "Longevity Therapy", the developing world will suffer the fate of wastelands in pockets of poverty that will harbor the only truly human gene variations after 'the switch'.

The case for integrated bionics and cyborg technology is becoming more and more relevant as we see the benefits to those using them.  Olympic runners, amputees and deaf children are all finding amazing new experiences thanks to cyborg technologies.  According to modern definitions, "A cyborg is essentially a man-machine system in which the control mechanisms of the human portion are modified externally by drugs or ambulatory devices so that the being can live in an environment different from the normal one."  Futurists and Technologists,  see a coming augmented reality: applications for smartphones and bio-implants, or suits that integrate something similar for our brains,  fortifying them for life in a world overflowing with data and decay.


To be sure of the intention to surpass the current model and become trans-human, Mr Warwick  states "Technology, directly integrated with the brain, can help overcome some problems people have," says Warwick. Brain implants could keep people fit, making sure, for instance, "you don't eat that chocolate cake that you want." But the possibilities may also be stranger than we have yet imagined. In the future, says Warwick, humans could become "a curiosity for the machines.  'Look at that -- that's where we were in historical times,' they (the machines) will think to each other." - a true twist in the spiral of evolution.